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The first official definition of student bullying involves severe bullying and will be transferred to work school education

时间:2017-12-28 18:23:22 Source: Beijing Youth DailyTime: 2017-12-28 18:23:22

A reporter from Beiqing Daily learned from a regular press conference of the Ministry of Education that the Ministry of Education and other 11 departments have jointly issued the "Strengthening Comprehensive Management Plan for Primary and Secondary School Students' Bullying" (hereinafter referred to as the "Governance Solution"). The "Governance Plan" for the first time clearly defines student bullying, and proposes that the handling of student bullying incidents is mainly based on schools, and disciplinary measures are clarified for different situations of student bullying. Serious bullying incidents can refer students who commit bullying to specialized (work study) schools. Education that involves student bullying in violation of public security management or suspected crimes will be transferred to public security organs, people's courts, and people's procuratorates for disposal.

Official definition of student bullying for the first time

On January 17, 2017, UNESCO released the latest report on the status of bullying in schools around the world. The report shows that nearly 246 million children and adolescents worldwide are bullied every year because of their physical characteristics, gender and sexual orientation, and ethnic and cultural differences. It is urgent to prevent and control student bullying. It must be clear what student bullying is and the number one issue in managing bullying. The "Governance Plan" for the first time clearly defines the definition of student bullying from the perspective of national documents: "Primary and secondary school bullying occurs on and off campus (including primary and secondary schools and secondary vocational schools), between students, and one party (individual or group). Or repeated incidents of bullying or insult through deliberate or malicious acts through physical, verbal, and Internet means, causing physical harm, property damage, or mental damage to the other party (individual or group). "

Professor Li Wen, a professor at the Beijing Institute of Education and the chairman of the China Education Association ’s primary and secondary school safety education and management professional committee, said that in the actual treatment of student bullying, poor follow-up practice caused by unclear understanding is a common problem. The "Governance Plan" has made clear the scope of student bullying-occurring on and off campus, the subject of bullying-between students, the elements of bullying-subjective intentional, diversified methods, and the diversity of harm. Definition, this definition is very important for solving practical problems. "Subjective intentionality is an important factor in determining bullying or joking," Li Wen said.

Clarify that school bullying is handled primarily by students

The "Governance Plan" also standardizes the handling procedures and clearly states that the handling of student bullying incidents is mainly school-based. After the school finds clues to the student bullying incident, it shall investigate and deal with the incident in a timely manner in accordance with the emergency response plan and processing procedures for the student bullying incident, and the school student bullying management committee shall determine whether the incident is a student bullying behavior. The county-level administrative department of education handles the appeal and may form an investigation team to initiate a review based on the situation. Cases involving law and lawsuits shall be handled through corresponding legal procedures.

The director of the Education Supervision Bureau of the Ministry of Education and the director of the Office of the Education Supervision Committee of the State Council, Any Xiu Chao, said that in addition to strengthening education, schools must also strictly manage the school's daily management, accelerate the construction of campus video surveillance systems, emergency alarm devices, and establish and improve prevention and control of student bullying Various rules and regulations of work. In addition, regular inspections should be carried out, and a special investigation on student bullying should be conducted for all students to find signs of possible bullying incidents or bullying incidents that have already occurred or are occurring. "The role of parents is equally important. The family is the leader in the prevention of bullying education." Secondly, organize parent training to guide parents to enhance their awareness of the rule of law and implement guardianship responsibilities.

Serious bullying will be transferred to work school education

The "Governance Plan" specifies disciplinary measures for different situations of student bullying. The "Governance Plan" proposes that, in response to bullying incidents in different situations, relevant departments should work together to do a good job in education and punishment. General bullying incidents with slight plots are criticized and educated by the school against the bullying students; serious bullying incidents with severe plots that cause significant physical and psychological harm to the bullied students, while the school is criticizing and educating the bullying students, Public security organs can be invited to participate in warning education or admonish students who commit bullying; serious bullying incidents that are not repeated or bad in nature, can be transferred to specialized (work-reading) schools for education if necessary; involving student bullying who violates public security management or suspected crime The incident was mainly handled by public security organs, people's courts and people's procuratorates. (Reporter Liu Xu)

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